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Jabbar Baghcheban, Iran's sign language pioneer, remembered


Source: Press TV

Jabbar Baghcheban

Iran pays tribute to Jabbar Baghcheban, founder of the country's first school for the deaf and pioneer of Persian sign language.

Iranians commemorate the 41st death anniversary of Jabbar Baghchehban, father of the Persian sing language and founder of the first school and kindergarten for the deaf in Tabriz in 1924.

Baghchehban, whose original family name was Asgarzadeh, was born to Iranian parents in Yerevan, Armenia, in 1884. After World War I, he moved to Iran's East Azerbaijan province and started his job as a teacher.

Asgarzadeh chose Baghchehban as his surname simultaneously with the opening of his first kindergarten for deaf children.

'Baghchehban' literally means 'gardener' in Persian. The dedicated teacher of sign language may arguably have chosen it for his surname as a metaphor for his devotion to his country's little deaf flowers.

Baghchehban's sign language is an approach to visually represent the phonemes of a spoken language. Since 'Mouth-Hand Systems' do not replace the phonemes, it helps deaf pupils to gain literacy too.

The man, who played a key role in breaking the silence of the world of the deaf, spoke his last words at the age of 82, on November 25, 1966 in Tehran.

Related Web Site:
The Institute for Research on the History of Children's Literature in Iran (IRHCLI)

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