Report by Ahmad Nadalian,
Paradise International Environmental Art Center
Photos by Raheleh Zomorodinia,
Soltani, Mohamad Saybani and Ahmad Nadalian
Dream of Peace in Persian
Gulf: 15th Environmental Art Festival in Iran at the Persian Gulf (January
2008). This is the second part of the report about this event (part
In 1991, the United Nations Security Council resolved that Iraq was liable for
all direct environmental damage to Kuwait's terrestrial environment and to its
natural resources. In September 1995, Kuwait filed a $385 million claim against
Iraq for environmental damage due to Iraq's occupation of Kuwait. The specific
claims made to the United Nations were for damages to health, coastal areas,
maritime environment, groundwater resources and desert environment.
The cost of one of the wars to the United States was calculated by the United
States Congress to be $61.1 billion. About $52 billion of that amount was paid
by different countries around the world.
But the cost of these wars is not only money. Many innocent
people lost their life.
An example took place on Sunday July 3, 1988,
Flight 655 (IR655)
which was a commercial flight operated by from Bandar Abbas, Iran to Dubai. The
aircraft flying IR655 was shot down by the U.S. Navy guided missile cruiser USS
Vincennes between Bandar Abbas and Dubai, killing all 290 passengers and
crew aboard, including 38 non-Iranians and 66 children, 8 of them less than 2
years old. The Vincennes was inside Iranian territorial waters at the
time of the shoot-down. According to the U.S. government, the Iranian aircraft
was mistakenly identified as an attacking military fighter. Unfurtunetly the
United States government however has, to date, never officially apologized to
the Iranian People.
This is only
one example which shows ordinary people pay the price of war.
One of the collaborative projects show a reference to this tragedy. The artists
through collaborative projects designed the airplane on the southern coast. The
outline drawings emphasized by the red earth of Homoz. With the flow of water
the design washed and many artist who were located on different locations saw
and recorded the process of the vanishing airplane. The impression of red earth
against dark blue revealed the tragedy of war in the Persian Gulf. Finally
only this number was left, "Iran
The red colour is
pure earth from the same area
The red colour is pure earth from the same area
The location suggested for the work IR 655 in Google Earth
of news of this tragedy in two languages was also rolled and installed inside
the bottle and released in the waters of the Persian Gulf.
In the old times this tradition - releasing a message in bottle
was a way of asking for help. For us symbolism is a media to react against war
and express our dream of peace as obviously can be seen in Barbara Roux's poem.
In any case, ordinary and
innocent people should not pay the price of war.
... Payvand News - 02/13/08 ... --