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Persian Garden added to UNESCO's World Heritage List

06/29/11 Source: Mehr News Agency

The Persian garden was registered on UNESCO's World Heritage List on Monday.  The decision to register the property on the list was made during the 35th session of the World Heritage Committee, which opened in Paris on June 19. The meeting comes to an end today.

Ferdows Garden, Iran

The committee composed of members from 21 countries discussed the profiles of nine Iranian gardens to add the property to the list.

Information about the gardens of Pasargad and Eram in Fars Province, Pahlebanpur and Dowlatabad in Yazd Province, Fin and Chehel Sotun in Isfahan Province, Akbarieh in South Khorasan Province, Abbasabad in Mazandaran Province, Shahzadeh Mahan (also known as Shazdeh) in Kerman Province were previously submitted to the UNESCO World Heritage Center.

These gardens exemplify the diversity of Persian garden designs that evolved and adapted to different climate conditions while retaining principles that have their roots in the times of Cyrus the Great, king of Persian from c. 558-529 BC.

The Persian garden was conceived to symbolize Eden and the four Zoroastrian elements of sky, earth, water and plants. Water plays an important role in the ornamentation of the gardens.

Dating back to different periods, the gardens consist of buildings, pavilions and walls, as well as sophisticated irrigation systems. They have influenced the art of garden design as far as India and Spain.

A garden in Shiraz

Iranian sites on the World Heritage List

  1. Tchogha Zanbil (1979)
  2. Persepolis (1979)
  3. Meidan Emam, Esfahan (1979)
  4. Takht-e Soleyman (2003)
  5. Pasargadae (2004)
  6. Bam and its Cultural Landscape (2004)
  7. Soltaniyeh (2005)
  8. Bisotun (2006)
  9. Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran (2008)
  10. Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System (2009)
  11. Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil (2010)
  12. Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex (2010)
  13. The Persian Garden (2011)
Properties submitted on the Tentative List

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